A highly contagious disease, conjunctivitis is the swollenness or inflammation caused in the conjunctiva, a thin membrane which coats the front of the eyes. Also called 'pink eye' and 'eye flu', it is a condition when a person has sore eyes. Conjunctivitis is infectious and easily be transferable from one person to the other through direct contact. Symptoms for conjunctivitis are inflammation caused on the eyeball and underside of the eyelids. It also causes eye pain, burning, blured vision, feeling of dryness and discharge of a sticky fluid. On a severe stage, it also forms pus over and under the eyelid. The main cause of conjunctivitis is unhealthy and unhygienic state of living but since it is transferable, it may also be caused because of someone in the vicinity has it.
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Some facts about eye flu:
1. The disease is caused by virus infection like adenovirus, herpes, simples virus, myxovirus and pox virus.
2. The disease is highly infectious, so if somebody around you is infected there is high risk of you getting infected. So take proper care in order to avoid the infection.
3. There is a myth that the disease spreads just by looking into the eyes of an infected person. But this is not true.
4. If somebody touch the infected eyes the fingers gets infected and if these fingers comes in contact of other person's eyes he may get infected.
5. One may also get infected from swimming pool also.
Symptoms of Eye Flu:
1. Red, swollen eyes.
2. Watery discharge from eyes.
3. Severe etching in eyes and/or pain in eyes.
4. Blurring of vision.
5. Lid Swelling.
6. Feeling of discomfort.
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Prevention of eye flu:
1. Avoid going to swimming pool which has regular chlorination of water.
2. Avoid shaking hands esp. with the infected person. Wash your hand with soap after handshake with infected person.
3. Clean your eyes with clean water 2-3 times a day.
4. Don't use common towel or handkerchief.
Treatment of eye flu:
1. Wear dark goggles.
2. Use anti-allergic eye drops three to four times a day.
3. Close your eyes and apply ice wrapped in a cloth over the eye lids.
4. The disease is usually self limiting and normally goes away in around three days.
Home Remedy for Conjunctivitis:
1. One of the effective remedies for curing conjunctivitis is to mix 2 tsp. chamomile flowers and 1 tsp oregon grape root in 2 cups of boiling water. Once cooled, strain this mixture and use it as an eye wash.
2. Sliced potatoes would also be beneficial in curing conjunctivitis. Peel the potato and cut it into thin slices. Apply on the affected area of the eye.
3. Prepare a tea using goldthread leaves and use it as a eye wash. Not only does it cure the swollenness caused and the infection, it also relieves a person of the pain.
4. An excellent eye wash for treating conjunctivitis would be to prepare a decoction using handful of dried coriander in 60 ml of water. It relieves a person of the pain and lessens the swelling as well.